Thirty Facts about Chillies – Uses, Health Benefits and History


Photo source – Fæ [CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

  1. The chemical capsaicin is responsible for the heat of chillies.
  2. A study carried out by researchers at the University of Tasmania found that eating chillies as part of a meal can help to control insulin levels afterwards.
  3. Eating chillies help boost blood circulation.
  4. Capsaicin contains a neuropeptide associated with lessening inflammatory process in the body so may help ease the symptoms of diseases such as arthritis.
  5. Capsaicin can also be used as a pain reliever and unlike anaesthetics does not cause any numbness. It also does not affect alertness.
  6. Capsaicin has been found to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
  7. Chillies help burn fat as capsaicin raises your metabolic rate.
  8. Eating chillies has been found to lower cholesterol.
  9. Capsaicin acts as a pest deterrent for the chilli plant.
  10. Mix a handful of dried chillies in with your birdseed to stop squirrels eating it. The capsaicin deters mammals but will not put off or harm the birds.
  11. The best way to counteract the heat from chillies in your mouth is with milk or yoghurt. Drinking water may give temporary relief but in fact spreads the capsaicin oil around your mouth but cannot wash it away.
  12. The Guinness book of records has the Bhut Jolokia listed as the world’s hottest chilli pepper. It has a Scoville rating of 1,001,304.
  13. When capsaicin is ingested by mammals it causes the body to release endorphins. These produce a pleasurable sensation in the body.
  14. The world’s largest curry contained 187 pounds of chillies.
  15. The seeds and white pith are the hottest part of the chilli.
  16. Red chillies are generally hotter than green and dried varieties will be hotter than fresh.
  17. Chillies contain more vitamin C than oranges.
  18. Chillies contain a higher level of vitamin A than carrots.
  19. Chillies are high in vitamin D.
  20. Generally the smaller the chilli, the hotter it will be.
  21. The heat of a chilli is measured using Scoville units.
  22. Chillies are relatively easy to grow and make good house plants.
  23. Chillies are thought to of been first eaten as long ago as 7500 BC.
  24. Chillies are the fruit of the capsicum plant.
  25. Chillies are part of the nightshade family and are related to tomatoes.
  26. The scolville unit is names after Wilbur Scolville who developed the test to tell how hot chillies where.
  27. Chillies are high in Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Vitamin B6, potassium, copper, manganese, dietary fibre, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, iron, magnesium and phosphorus
  28.  Capsaicin is easily absorbed by the skin and can cause pain, especially if it gets into eyes and other sensitive areas.
  29. Christopher Columbus gave the name chilli pepper as he believed they were related to the black and white pepper ground and used in Europe.
  30. Chillies are low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium.
Birds Eye Chillies

Takeaway, [CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

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Bisexual Pride Flag Information and Colour Codes

Bisexual Pride Flag

The bisexual pride flag was design by Michael Page in 1998. He designed the flag with the aim of increasing the visibility of bisexuals.  Michael also wanted to give the bisexual community their own symbol separate from the gay pride flag.

The colours used in the flag are magenta, lavender and royal blue. The larger magenta and royal blue stripes represent the attraction to the opposite sex. The middle lavender stripe is used to represent the attraction to the same sex. Each of the three colours blend unnoticed into each other. An alternative symbol that is also used by some people is of two slightly overlapping triangles. One of the triangles is pink and the other blue.

The bi pride flag is not patented or trademarked so can be used freely by anyone. However, it is requested that the correct colours are always used. The exact colours given by the designer are: PMS 226, 258, and 286. The approximate HTML values are as follows:

Magenta – #D60270
Lavender – #9B4F96
Blue – #0038A8

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Gay and Lesbian Pride History and Information

Gay and lesbian pride information


The modern gay and lesbian pride movement began after the Stonewall riots in 1959. Following the riots a parade was held each year. Today parades and festivals are held all over the world to celebrate gay pride.

From the late 1970’s it became common to see a rainbow striped flag flying during these parades and other events. This flag originated in California and was designed in 1978 by a San Francisco artist called Gilbert Baker. The original flags were hand stitched by Gilbert and thirty volunteers. This first design had eight stripes and each colour had a meaning assigned to it:

Hot pink – sexuality
Red – life
Orange – Healing
Yellow – Sunlight
Green – Nature
Turquoise – magic/art
Indigo – serenity/harmony
Violet – spirit

The hot pink stripe was later dropped from the design due to difficulty in obtaining the correct fabric. In 1979 the turquoise was also removed from because when the flag was hung the centre stripe would be obscured by the post. To avoid this the flag design became the six striped version still used today to show pride and increase visibility of the gay community.

Today the six striped rainbow flag design can be found on a huge range of merchandise such as mugs, t-shirts, jewellery, hats, ties and belts.

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New Macrame Tutorials Released for Kindle

From the 14th September 2014 my brand new 54 page eBook is available via the Kindle store. The eBook contains four macrame tutorials.

Each of the four macrame tutorials featured within this book have step by step instructions and high quality colour photographs. A full list of all the required materials and tools is listed at the start of each tutorial. None of the bracelets contain any metal parts so are particularly suitable for anyone who has allergies or sensitivities to these.

The four bracelets featured within this eBook are:

  • Double Beaded Macramé
  • Endless Falls Macramé
  • Zig Zag Macramé
  • Cross Over Macramé

To complete these macrame tutorials the only previous knowledge of macrame you will need is how to tie a square knot. The endless falls technique is explained within the tutorial. If you are unfamiliar with tying a square knot I have also published a tutorial illustrating how ths is done. Currently the square knot tutorial is only available through the Jewelry Lessons website and can be downloaded here. The marcame tutorial shows you how to tie a basic square knot and then illustrates a further four ways that this knot can be used to create various effects and patterns in macrame projects.

Macrame Tutorials

This unique set of macrame tutorials can be downloaded from the Kindle store and is available worldwide. It is suitable for any compatible device including iPhones, Android phones, tablets and PCs that have the Kindle application installed. To purchase and download the tutorial either click on the photograph or visit the Kindle store page which can be found here.

Macramé is the name of a technique used to create many items such as jewellery, bags, plant hangers, mats and decorations. Macramé uses knots rather than weaving. It was commonly used by sailors to create items to decorate their ships as well as for practical use. A great variety of cords and other materials can be used in macramé. These combined with the vast range of knots and knot combinations possible mean that macramé is a very versatile craft for all ages and abilities.


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A-Z Vegan Gluten Free Recipe Book coming soon

A-Z Vegan Gluten Free Recipe Book coming soon

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Ten Jewellery Making Tutorials

Each of these jewellery making tutorials has been designed by myself and are unique to Elderberry Arts. Each tutorial is available to download individually from Jewelry Lessons.

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Kindle eBook Tutorials Available to Download

Kindle eBooks

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Professional Crafters Guild Member

PCG Badge Elderberry Arts 250x250

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Funky Food

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